We’re leaving the era of traditional mobile telephony and are now moving into an era of networks and connectivity — a networked society on a whole new level. And that requires a new way of standardizing network development because the performance has to be more guaranteed than ever before and because there are huge security implications in creating tunnels between all of these
kinds of devices and all of the clouds on the other side. This network needs to be predictable, programmable, and high performance. It needs to live up to what these applications will require. I think this is the biggest challenge in a very long time for networks. Because the development needs to be multivendor, it’s very, very important that the network protocols are standardized. Therefore, we have to work in a much more industry-driven, standardization-driven, and open atmosphere to make this happen. That is challenging too. And it’s not enough just to have the Internet protocols if you will. That’s just one layer. Below that we need operating systems; we need performance on routers, on base stations; and we need the mobility piece in itself, which is very complex.